In the field of agricultural machinery, intelligent technology is making earth-shaking changes from form to function, such as drones, automatic rice transplanters, fine management platforms for agricultural machinery operations, etc., including individual intelligent agricultural machinery products, as well as agricultural intelligent systems and platforms. . As intelligent technology affects agricultural machinery and agriculture in a variety of ways, a new “agricultural revolution” is being set off.
Intelligent agricultural machinery
A few days ago, some media reported that China's domestic rice live broadcast machine entered the intelligent ranks. It is reported that rice planting mechanization is the weakest link in the whole process of mechanization of rice production, and its research is also the focus of the agricultural science and technology community. The planting mechanization team of the Nanjing Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute of the Ministry of Agriculture made full use of the existing technology to successfully develop the first 33-line large-scale intelligent pneumatic collection and drainage rice live broadcast machine in China, and tested it at the Linhai Farm Fourth Airport in Yancheng City, Jiangsu Province. . It is reported that the project was completed under the special fund of the Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences. The successful development of this equipment has filled the gap in the domestic large-scale pneumatic intelligent rice live broadcasting technology. The data shows that the equipment adopts a folding frame, the working width is 8 meters, the working speed can reach 10 kilometers/hour, the working efficiency is 75 acres/hour to 100 acres/hour, and the seeding operation can be completed by only one person. It can be adapted to the requirements of large farms and other large-scale planting operations.
Not only is rice planting mechanized, this year, tractors that are used in large quantities in agricultural production have also become intelligent carriers. It is reported that in Shandong and other places, the tractor is installed on the Beidou navigation system to realize automatic adjustment and automatic driving of the tractor. The Beidou navigation system is applied to agricultural machinery. Its straightness error is ±2.5cm per 100 meters, compared with GPS (global Positioning system) is more accurate, Beidou navigation agricultural machinery application system is suitable for land preparation, trenching, ridge, seeding, transplanting, fertilizing, harvesting and other aspects.
In addition, intelligent tentacles have also been extended to plant grafts commonly found in agricultural production. It is reported that China is the world's largest facility-cultivating country, and there is an urgent need for mechanization grafting in agriculture. In particular, the development of vegetable cultivation and plastic greenhouses with Chinese characteristics represented by solar greenhouses is particularly rapid. Real needs stimulate the rapid development of science and technology. The data show that China Agricultural University has carried out research work on automated grafting technology in China earlier. It has successfully developed automatic plugging method and automatic rotary cutting method to fill the blank of China's automated grafting technology and form an automated grafting with independent intellectual property rights in China. technology. For example, the sensor and computer image processing technology are used to realize automatic recognition and judgment of the direction of the grafted seedlings. The grafting robot can complete the automatic operation of the grafting process of seedlings, cutting seedlings, joints, fixations, and seedlings of rootstocks and seedlings. The operator only needs to put the rootstocks and earbrows on the corresponding seedling table, and the rest of the grafting operations are carried out. It can be done automatically by the machine, which greatly improves work efficiency and reduces labor intensity.
Intelligent agricultural innovation is endless
In addition to the intelligence of individual agricultural products, “smart + agriculture” is forming an agricultural intelligent system and ecology. For example, in Lingwu City, Ningxia, in order to speed up the development of modern agriculture and adapt to the goal of agricultural machinery development under the new situation, in 2016, the city's agricultural mechanization promotion service center assembled a detailed management platform for Beidou agricultural machinery operations in seven agricultural machinery cooperatives. The data shows that the main functions of the system include Beidou positioning, real-time measurement of mu, agricultural machinery operation monitoring, area statistical analysis, working area and quality verification, and agricultural machinery scheduling. The application of the system can timely and intuitively grasp the distribution of agricultural machinery in the demonstration area, effectively monitor the quality and status of agricultural machinery operations, and the operation status of agricultural machinery, and take timely and effective measures for emergencies, and implement precise scheduling before and after key agricultural or natural disaster weather. Concentrate on rushing to grab seeds, improve the efficiency of agricultural machinery operations and land utilization, and effectively solve the shortage of rural labor.
In fact, whether it is intelligent agriculture or agricultural machinery, there is a need to build a strong support system. It is in the system and ecological construction that has attracted more and more enterprises and capital to participate. According to news reports, on March 10 this year, at the National Agricultural Machinery and Parts Exhibition, the first batch of 200 AGlink smart devices from “etian Technology” was delivered to the harvester users of the domestic agricultural giant Lewo Heavy Industries. It is understood that the smart device is “e Tian Technology” company tailored for harvesting machinery. By installing the equipment on the harvester, the agricultural machine operator can not only realize the automatic diagnosis and early warning of agricultural machinery failure, but also monitor the operation area and harvest situation in real time. Through the smart phone APP application, it can be interconnected with the service command system of the agricultural machinery manufacturer, which is convenient for the after-sales service system to view the position of the agricultural machine in real time, realize the dispatching and management of the service vehicle, and ensure the efficient and accurate service. In addition, “etian Technology”'s big data analysis platform can also comprehensively analyze and analyze the relevant operation data of agricultural machinery, and provide agricultural machinery manufacturers and government departments with timely delivery of agricultural operation progress and cross-regional operation trends throughout the country for agricultural production. Scientific and effective organization provides accurate big data support. (From: China Agricultural Machinery Network)
In Yunnan, the "Internet + Modern Agriculture" innovation direction is being connected to the line, connecting the lines, connecting the system into a system, and further creating a new ecology of intelligent agriculture.
Combination of agricultural machinery and agronomy
The intelligent process of agricultural machinery continues to accelerate, which will surely bring about a major change in the overall ecology of agriculture. It is reported that during the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, the Ministry of Science and Technology and other relevant departments listed "smart agricultural machinery and equipment" as a key research project initiated by priority, involving 49 projects supporting 11 agricultural support directions, and the estimated support funds will reach 2 billion yuan. In 2016, the first batch of start-up tasks including agricultural machinery operation information perception and fine production management and control application, intelligent agricultural power machinery research and development tasks, food crops efficient intelligent harvesting technology equipment research and development tasks, economic crops high-efficiency harvesting and intelligent control technology equipment research and development tasks, etc. 4 Support for 19 projects. The agricultural machinery is intelligent and triumphant.
However, agricultural machinery is becoming more and more intelligent, and agricultural production is increasingly relying on intelligent machinery and intelligent systems. Wherever agriculture goes, it has begun to be controversial. From the point of view, with the intelligentization of agricultural machinery and the intelligentization of agricultural production, it is necessary to subvert the traditional agricultural production with mud and sand. In addition to bringing economic benefits, traditional agronomy and high-quality agricultural products under cultivation will no longer exist. In fact, it is also the contradiction faced by intelligent agricultural machinery. At present, the intelligentization of agricultural machinery and the intelligentization of agriculture are moving in the direction of improving economic efficiency and reducing labor costs. However, with the advancement of technology, the close integration of agricultural machinery + agronomy will be the ultimate direction of the intelligent "agricultural revolution."